Flintlock Pistols, Rifles and Muskets
Dating from the early 1700s to the 1800s, flintlock pistols, muskets, and rifles were the earliest form of hand weapons, as opposed to cannons. Instead of swords and rapiers, duels were fought with sleek and elegant flintlock pistols with long, heavy barrels that functioned like an extension of your arm, making them easy to aim. .The French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars of Europe were fought with flintlock pistols and muskets.
In the "New World"--in what would become the United States--flintlocks fought in the French and Indian Wars, the American Revolution, and the War of 1812. Flintlock weapons were carried by Lewis and Clark on their expedition to explore the vast new territories added to the fledgling United States by the Louisiana Purchase. Flintlocks accompanied pioneers and intrepid frontiersmen like Daniel Boone as they pushed westward on the Early American frontier, and guarded the walls of the Alamo as Texas fought to win independence from Mexico.
When gun technology advanced to using percussion caps rather than powder in a pan, the flintlocks gradually gave way to percusson "cap and ball" weapons, but a few flintlocks remained in use as late as the American Civil War in the 1860s.